Defines of Tourism
Definitions of tourism The travel industry is the exercises of individuals making a trip to and remaining in spots outside their standard condition for relaxation, business or different purposes for not in excess of one back to back year.
The travel industry is a dynamic and aggressive industry that requires the capacity to adjust always to clients’ changing necessities and wants, as the consumer loyalty’s, security and happiness are especially the focal point of the travel industry organizations.
definition of ‘tourism’ 1s required for many purposes; for study, statics, legislation, indus-tries & planning. Without a precise & clear definition we
cannot study about tourists, we cannot collect statistical data & consequently we cannot chalk out plans to promote the tourism as well as to cope with the problems related to tourists. There are many laws, by-laws, acts & legislation which are related to tourists, not to other citizens. Similarly there are many laws, particularly some of the fundamental-tal rights which are provided only to the citizens. So the correct & precise concept of tourists provide a theoretical framework.
Tourism is a multi-face~ phenomena. There are geographical- social-economic & psychological aspects of tourism. Tourism in economics/commerce refers to a complex industry in which various independent units work for single consumer -the tourist, who generates demand or provides a market for many separate- varied & inter-related industries. G.Jant has considered two sectors of tourism; the dynamic sector & the static sector. The dynamic sector consists of all the economic activities, the community services, the motivation of demand & the provision of transport. It includes the activities of tour operators, travel agents, transport underakers & ancillary services. The static sector consists of demand for accommodation, food & refreshment. In other
words tourism creates a demand or market for different indus-tries.
Sociological approach to the study of tourism is concerned with the impacts of tourists on the people of place of destination, how both- the residents & the tourist react and influence each other. Geographers are interested in three main geographical components of tourism; that is the place of origin, the place of destination and the space en-route. In other words they are interested in the spatial features of the phenomena, viz from where to which place through an area a tourist moves. So is the case with other disciplines of studies, all have their own orientation to purview & study the phenomena of tourism.
The origin of the word ‘tourist’ dates back to the year 1292 A.D. ‘Tourism’ or ‘Tourist’ word is related to the word ‘tour’ which is derived from the latin word ‘tornus!. It means a tool for describing article-or a turner’s wheel~ It is from the word ‘tornos’ the notion of a’round tour’ or a ‘package tour’ has come in vogue. In 1643 the term was first used in the sense of going round or travelling from places to places, around an excursion, a journey including
visits to many places in circuit or sequence, circuitous journey, embracing the principal places of a country or region
In the French literature the French term ‘grand tour’ i.e. ‘great tour’ is used in the sense of tour through France,
Germany, Switzarland & Italy
The World Tourism Organization (WTO ) cited these definitions of tourism:
- International Tourism: Consists of inbound tourism, visits to a country by non-residents, and outbound tourism, residents of a country visiting another country
- Internal Tourism: Residents of a country visiting their own country
- Domestic Tourism: Internal tourism plus inbound tourism (the tourism market of accommodation facilities and attractions within a country)
- National Tourism: Internal tourism plus outbound tourism (the resident tourism market for travel agents and airlines.
According to the WTO tourists are people who: “travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment for not more then one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited.”
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